The blast furnace, as one hears from its operators, will soon follow the dinosaurs and disappear.
Therefore, as a by-product of the pandemic time-out, a contribution to its history:
The nearly 800 blast furnaces existing in the western hemisphere (so called “free world”) in 1965.
Corrections are welcome.
But please note that this map refers to the year 1965.
ArcelorMittal leaves the U.S. and makes former mining company Cleveland-Cliffs the largest hot strip producer in America.
In 1965 there were 237 blast furnaces at 72 locations in the U.S. . This series will briefly introduce all of them.
In the 1960s, Republic Steel was the No. 3 North American steel producer, albeit at a considerable distance from US Steel and Bethlehem Steel.
They maintained a large number of production sites, including several marginal ones, ten of which produced pig iron.
One smaller site was the plant on the banks of the Calumet River in South Chicago, once one of the busiest steel making areas in the U.S. .
In 1965, Republic Steel operated a small coking plant, blast furnace, open hearth and electric arc steelworks, seven rolling mills and a seamless tube production facility there.
Employment peaked at 6.335 in 1970.
In 1977 the plant was modernized on a large scale and a Q-BOP meltshop with two 225 t converters was installed. The electric arc mill was equipped with three new 225 t electric arc furnaces.
The blast furnace was shut down in 1982 and the coking plant continued to operate.
In 1984, Republic Steel merged with Jones and Laughlin Steel and operated under the name of LTV Corp.
The Q-BOP melt shop was sold to Geneva Steel in Utah in 1990 and reopened in 1991.
- BF: Ø 28’0” (8,53 m)
1959 gab es in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland noch 156 Hochöfen an 38 Standorten. Alle Standorte und alle Hochöfen sollen in dieser Serie im Kurzportrait vorgestellt werden.
Die 1444 erstmals erwähnte Hainer Hütte in Siegen gehörte ab 1916 zur benachbarten Giesserei Peipers (später Gontermann und Peipers). 1951 wurde der einzige Hochofen des nun an die Eiserfelder Hütte verpachteten Betriebs wieder angeblasen und erzeugte 2.200 t Siegerländer Spezialroheisen im Monat.
1955 ging in Hain die erste Masselgiessmaschine des Siegerlandes in Betrieb.
Am 19.9.1962 wurde die Produktion eingestellt.
Die Hainer Hütte erzeugte 1959 29.087 t Roheisen.
Hochöfen Hainer Hütte, 1959.
Hochofen 1: Gestelldurchmesser 2,2 m
Ural Steel. Novotroitsk, Russia.
Bottle cars in front of Stelco’s BOF-shop in Hamilton, Canada
Das Edelstahlwerk Ossenberg wurde 1907 gegründet und beschäftigt sich seit 1930 mit der Edelstahlherstellung.
The rolling mill in Rives s.Fur at the rim of the Isere valley in France was founded in 1912.
It runs two section rolling mill and produces bars and sections.
Images now at my website.
Engineering Steel Belgium (ESB) in Seraing, Belgium announced that it will finally close down it’s steel making and casting facilities. Production is already down for two weeks.
The 70 ton electric arc furnace and the world’s largest round strand caster were built in 1972 by Cockerill to provide blooms for the Tubemeuse Pilger rolling mill across the river.
Tubemeuse was founded in 1911 under the name S.A. des Usines à Tubes de la Meuse. It was later taken over by Cockerill and went bancrupt in 1988. The mill carried on under the name New Tubemeuse until it filed bancruptcy again in 1993. The tube rolling facilities were closed down this time and the melt shop was sold to the Ellwood Steel company from Pennsylvania.
In 2009 the German GMH group bought the site.
Five days ago ArcelorMittal already announced the closure of it’s coking plant in Seraing within the next two weeks. The attempt to sell the site (built in 1957) to the U.S.-based Oxbow company had failed.