Already on 30 September 2019, ArcelorMittal shut down the last two (3&4) of eight batteries at it’s Aviles coking plant in Spain.
The coking plant had been built from 1951 onwards as part of an economic programme; Franco’s dream of an industrialized Spain.
With it’s closure, the last major unit of the once state-owned steel group ENSIDESA will disappear.
The plant had 8 batteries of 30 ovens each and was planned and built by Didier-KOGAG-Hinselmann, an engineering company from Essen. It supplied coke to the finally four blast furnaces in Aviles (which have since been demolished).
In 1973, the state-owned ENSIDESA took over the neighbouring private steelworks UNINSA in Gijon. The coking plant there is also currently shut down, so that the last active blast furnace (furnace A) in Spain has to be supplied with imported coke. It is therefore questionable whether and when blast furnace B will be restarted.
Vor 20 Jahren, am 29.9.1999, wurde die RAG-Kokerei in Gelsenkirchen-Hassel stillgelegt.
Die Anlage war der erste Kokereineubau nach dem Krieg in der BRD. 1953 wurden zwei Batterien mit jeweils 55 Koksöfen in Betrieb genommen. Bis 1957 wurden weitere fünf Batterien zu je 30 Öfen gebaut.
Die Anlage hatte damit eine Kapazität von 4500 t Koks (6000 t Kohle) täglich.
Mitte der 1980er Jahre wurde wg. der schwachen Stahlkonjunktur die Batterie 4 mit 30 Öfen stillgesetzt. 1989 stellte man drei Batterien auf die Produktion von Gießereikoks um.
Die Batterien 3,5,6 und 7 wurden dann im Oktober 1993 heruntergefahren.
Seit dem produzierten nur noch die Batterien 1 und 2 mit 110 Öfen Gießereikoks und Ruhrkoks für den Wärmemarkt.
Mit der Schließung der Kokerei Hassel wurde die Produktion von Gießereikoks in Deutschland eingestellt.
in Sluiskil, Netherlands was closed 20 years ago in September 1999.
The coking plant produced metallurgical coke for blast furnaces in the Saar region, France, and Ghent and Clabecq in Belgium.
Noch 1960 ließen sich die Hamburger Gaswerke von Koppers in Essen eine nagelneue Kokerei in den Hafen (Kattwyk) bauen.
Sie versorgte zusammen mit der benachbarten Kokerei Grasbrook Hamburg mit Stadtgas und Gaskoks.
Nach dem Siegeszug des Erdgases wurden die Kokereien Grasbrook und Kattwyk 1976 u. 1982 stillgelegt.
on State Street in Clairton,PA. These bars where mostly attended by black steel workers from the nearby U.S. Steel plant. I visited Clairton with my 4×5″ in 2008. In the background you can see the 800-oven coking plant of U.S. Steel, one of the largest worldwide.
The new coking plant Schwelgern in Duisburg, Germany was commmissioned by ThyssenKrupp in 2003 replacing the old August-Thyssen coke ovens.
Two batteries of 70 ovens each were built.
Some images now at Stahlseite.
These days the last remains (coking coal tower, dry quenching facilities) of the coking plant Kaiserstuhl in Dortmund, Germany are knocked down.
The plant was built in 1992 to be the most modern coke making facility in Europe.
It supplied coke to the nearby Hoesch blast furnaces. The plant inluded two coke oven batteries of 60 furnaces each, and both a dry and a wet quenching facility.
When ThyssenKrupp announced the closure of it’s (former Hoesch) blast furnaces Kaiserstuhl was shut down after being in operation for just eigth years .
Ten years ago most of the mill was dismantled and rebuilt in the Shandong province, China.
This relocation was documented in the exiting movie Losers And Winners.
Further images of this plant at Stahlseite.
Lots of change over the last ten years at Europe’s largest coking plant in
in Zdzieszowice, Poland.
The works were built in 1930 by the German mining company Gräflich Schaffgottsche Werke.
The design of the first coke oven batteries no.1&2 was carried out by the famous German industrial architects Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer.Both batteries were installed by the Still company.
In between 1962 and 1968 batteries 3-6 were commissioned by a Russian manufacturer. All of the six batteries now existing were stamp charged.
In 1972 a second strand of top charged batteries (7-10) was installed one kilometer south of the existing one.These ovens were built by a Polish company.
From 2002 to 2004 batteries 7&8 were completly rebuilt and batteries 9&10 were abandoned.
In between 2006 to 2008 two new batteries(11&12) were built west of battery no. 7 by the Zarmen company from Poland.
Immediatly after the old batteries no. 1&2 were closed down and dismantled in 2010. Batteries 9&10 were torn down in 2011.
Some new images at Stahlseite.
The Florida, USA based Oxbow mining group is rumored to take over the ArcelorMittal coking plant in Seraing, Belgium before long.
The plant was built in 1957 and includes four coke oven batteries.
During today’s visit at ArcelorMittal’s Zdzieszowice coke plant in Poland I could convince myself that Europe’s probably oldest existing coke oven batteries are completly dismantled by now.
The batteries NO 1 & 2 were built by Gräflich Schaffgotsche Werke in 1932 and 1938.
The location 50 kilometers away from the next coal mine and without any steel industry in the vicinity was chosen mostly for political reasons. The administration had decided to offer industrial jobs for the German population in this rural part of Silesia.
The design for this new coking plant was done by Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer from Germany. Both batteries had a stamp charging system and were built by the Still company. The batteries were shut down in 2008 and dismantled in 2010.
ArcelorMittal Zdzieszowice today runs 8 oven batteries (3-6 are stamp charged and 7,8,11 and 12 are top charged) of which 4 were rebuilt in the last 10 years. Batteries NO 9 and 10 were dismantled recently too.
Zdzieszowice is the largest coke plant in Europe producing more than 4 mio. tons of metallurgical and domestic coke each year.